NURSING AND MIDWIFERY APPLIED RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course aims to make students acquire a repertoire of knowledge, skills and abilities for critical reflection with respect to the use of research, given the importance of the same profession in nursing and midwifery. Students will have to demonstrate that they have understood and assimilated the research process at all stages that compose it, highlighting the differences inherent in the various types of studies. They will be able to read and critically analyze the results of the research, nationally and internationally, drawing on the sources of the best available evidence. Will be built with the students the basic steps of the research process, with particular level of detail for the first two phases.
Students will specifically outline a possible problem area, to properly formulate the research question, identify and formulate the research hypothesis and select the design of relevant research.
We aim to make the students the main tools for the preparation of a research-quantitative, applicable to specific areas of expertise nursing and midwifery.
Course contents summary
Meaning and phases of the nursing and midwifery Search: wording of the question (problem) for research and definition of the purpose - Research design, qualitative and quantitative tools of hypothesis testing - Methods of sampling and data collection. Basic research and applied research in health care settings - experimental studies, observational studies - Identification of relevant variables to the research problem - Formulation of the hypothesis of research-Critical reading of a scientific article - Ethical issues related to research in health care.
At the end of the course the student will be able to argue consciously the following contents:
- Definition of Search - The importance of research in nursing and midwifery - The scientific method (systematic, objectivity) - inductive and deductive reasoning - Theories, concepts, elements to be considered in the criticism of the theories and conceptual models - EBM, EBN, EBHC: the best evidence base for clinical practice and the management of issues related to the organizational aspects of the nursing and midwifery professions, the training focused on developing strategies EBN - The pyramid of evidence - Types of studies and their characteristics: experimental, quasi-experimental, observational (descriptive and analytical) - Basic and applied research - The phases of the research process - Classification of research based on time - Approaches to research: scanning and searching - Correct formulation of the research question: backgroud, foreground , method PICO - The review of the literature: aims, primary sources, secondary sources - Guidelines for the critique of a research report - Classification of variables: definition and different types depending on the type of study and the research question - causal relationships between the variables - Formulation of the hypothesis of research and its verifiability - Selection of research design (quantitative and qualitative), the purpose of design - Materials and Methods - Tools for Checking dell'ipostesi Research - Principles of measurement - Reliability - Validity (internal, external) - Selection of the sample: the universe, the unit of analysis, methods for probabilistic and non-probabilistic sampling - The questionnaire: fundamental concepts for the construction and administration of the questionnaire - Development of a research project; fundamental areas of the Protocol of a study. - Ethical considerations related to research.
It should be noted that, as a compendium of theoretical concepts, the focus will be constantly orients nanny to the presentation of examples and case studies drawn from everyday contexts of care.
James A. Fain, La ricerca infermieristica – leggerla, comprenderla e applicarla, Milano, McGraw-Hill Companies, srl Publishing Group Italia, 2004, trad. it. di: Reading, Understanding, and Applying Research. A test and Workbook, 2nd edition
Kenneth D. Bailey, Metodi della ricerca sociale, Bologna, ed. Il Mulino, 1985, trad. it. di Methods of Social Research, New York, The Free Press, 1982. Edizione italiana a cura di Maurizio Rossi.
Geri Lo Biondo – Wood, Judith Haber, Metodologia della ricerca infermieristica, Milano, McGraw-Hill Companies, srl Publishing Group Italia, edizione italiana a cura di Julita Sansoni, 3nd edition.
. Diapositive pubblicate a cura della docente
Lectures and interactive with the use of audiovisual aids, classroom discussion with students, group and individual processing.
Assessment methods and criteria
The learning and the degree of preparation is checked by oral test will ensure that the knowledge gained by the students also through in-depth study of the following material:
1) Text: James A. Fain, Nursing Research - reading, understanding, and apply, Milan, McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Publishing Group Italy, 2004, trans. en. in: Reading, Understanding, and Applying Research. A test and Workbook, 2nd edition
2) Slides posted on the site is the University.