ANATOMY AND HISTOLOGY
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course is designed to give the students the methods for studying the morphological organization of the human body with special emphasis on those areas of major professional interest.
Course contents summary
Anatomy of the Locomotor System:Classification of the bones, joints and muscles.Bones, joints and muscles of the axial system (skull, spine, thorax and pelvis) and of the limbs.Anatomy of the Cardiovascular SystemGross anatomy of the Heart, coronary arteries and of the main arteries and veins.Anatomy of the Digestive TractGross Anatomy of the organs of the GI tract, liver and pancreas.Anatomy of the Respiratory SystemSystematic anatomy of the upper and lower airways, lungs and pleurae.The alveolo-capillary barrier: structure and ultrastructure.Anatomy of the Urinary SystemGross and microscopic anatomy of the Kidney, Ureters and urinary bladder, urethra.Vascularization of the kidney.Structure of the nephron. Anatomy of the Endocrine SystemAnatomy of the hypophysis, Thyroid and Adrenal glands.Anatomy of the reproductive system General organization of the in the male and female. Anatomy of the Nervous System:General anatomical organization of the Central and Peripheral Nervous System.Brain, cerebellum, spinal cord, cranial nerves,plexuses.Organization of the sensitive and motor systems.Organization of the motor and sensory cortical areas. Somatotopy.
Locomotor apparatus. Structural Organization (cytological and molecular) of the Bone, Cartilage and Muscular tissue. Generality on the bones and on the joints. Trunk: spinal column, vertebrae, joints and muscles of the chest.
Circulatory apparatus: the heart (outdoor config, in-house config, structure of the heart, and of the cardiac valves), auriculoventricular valves. Arteries (lay-out of the arteries, arteries of the pulmonary circulation and the general circulation). General organization of the lymphatic circulatory apparatus. Functional and molecular anatomy of the blood-forming organs (bone marrow) and lymphoid organs (thyme, spleen and lymph nodes).
Digestive apparatus. General organization: mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach. Stomach, slim intestine, duodeno, crass intestine. The Liver and the Bilious Tracts. The Pancreas and the pancreatic tracts. The Peritoneum.
Respiratory apparatus. General Organization: Larynx, Trachea, Bronchuses and Bellows. The mechanics of the respiration.
Urinary apparatus. The macroscopic and the microscopic anatomy of the kideny. Molecular and microscopic anatomy of the nephron.
Endosecretory apparatus. General organization. Hypothalamus nucleuses and the neurosecretion. hypophysis. Thyroid and parathyroids. Adrenal glands. The testicles and the ovaries.
Assessment methods and criteria