Learning outcomes of the course unit
Providing students with knowledge for a correct interpretation of neurological signs and symptoms, especially involving cranial nerves, and with an understanding of the major groups of neurological disorders. For every single disorder of each group, specific information will be provided on epidemiological, clinical, pathophysiological, prognostic and therapeutic aspects.
As a part of the general course of Internal Medicine, the objective is the knowledge of the main clinical aspects of neurological diseases, in an effort to allow student to develop a good and systematic clinical approach to the patient with such disease problems in the context of the global field of Internal Medicine, including knowledge of laboratory parameters and diagnostic tools and procedures, diagnosis-making and therapy-managing.
Elemental knowledge of nervous system anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology.
Course contents summary
Students will learn how to correctly interpret neurological signs and symptoms as either anatomically and functionally normal or pathological. They will also learn notions that will enable them to define syndromes related to pathological modifications of specific structures of the central, peripheral and autonomic nervous systems (e.g., pyramidal syndrome, extrapyramidal syndrome, etc.). Finally, the course will enable students to get to know the major groups of neurological disorders (e.g., cerebrovascular diseases, infectious CNS diseases, etc.).
After a preliminary introduction to the assessment of the main neurological symptoms, this course will include the pathophysiology, diagnosis and clinical management of the main neurological diseases and syndromes, such as ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke, epilepsy, coma, Parkinson disease, multiple sclerosis and dementia.
Pathophysiology, diagnosis and clinical management of the main neurological diseases and syndromes, such as ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke, epilepsy, coma, Parkinson disease, multiple sclerosis and dementia, also including the appropriate use of diagnostic tools.
1) Manfredi M. "Neurologia", UTET. 2) Jean Cambier, Maurice Masson, Henri Dehen "Neurologia", Masson
Pietro B Carrieri : Neurologia per le professioni sanitarie –Ed. Mediserve, 2009.
Up-front classes and clinical group exercises
lectures and discussion, also using multimedial tools
Assessment methods and criteria
The assessment of the achievement of the objectives of the course consists of an oral examination. Through questions about the contents of the course will be determined whether the student has achieved the goal of knowledge and understanding of the content. Through questions regarding prevention strategies and preparation of a care plan will be determined whether the student has achieved the aim of translating the acquired knowledge into clinical practice.