Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course is part of the Integrated course of Surgical Clinics
The course aims to enable the student to know and to understand the essential elements of etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of major surgical disease, also in order to allow the student the ability to use the knowledge and understanding gained in identifying the patient's problems related to the condition of the affected by surgical diseases and make a care plan appropriately.
The student at the end of the course, using the knowledge of anatomy, biology, physiology, pathology and general psychology previously acquired will need to demonstrate knowledge and understanding about:
- The pathophysiologic phenomena that are the basis of events related to surgical pathology and surgical intervention such as fever, stress, shock, the processes of wound healing
- The most frequent complications that can meet the surgical patient and the main risk factors for postoperative complications
- The causes and consequences of the main syndromes of surgical interest such as occlusion, peritonitis, bleeding digestive
- The causes and consequences of major organ pathologies of surgical interest
The student also applying the knowledge and understanding acquired, shall be able, even collaborating with other professionals, to
- Contribute to the prevention of complications that can meet the patient affected by surgical diseases- Identify the problems related to the surgical diseases
- Prepare a care plan appropriate
knowledge of anatomy and physiology
Course contents summary
The first lessons cover topics of general interest such as the operative risk and its prevention, the body's response to external factors that hinder homeostasis such as stress and shock, infection, and wound healing.
The second part of the course is devoted to the discussion of the basic elements of etiology, diagnosis and treatment of the most common surgical diseases of organs.
The third part of the course covers the etiology and pathophysiology of the most important syndromes of surgical interest such as bowel obstruction, peritonitis, bleeding and trauma.
• biological response to traumatic events (stress)
• surgical aspects of the shock
• thermoregulation and fever
• infections in surgery
• pathology of the esophagus
• diverticular disease
• tumors of the colon
• Breast nodules
• cholelithiasis and pancreatitis
• bleeding and hemostasis
• bowel obstruction
• abdominal trauma
• Intestinal ischemia and infarction
Alloni R, Destrebecq A, Gianotti L, Poma S. Infermieristica Clinica in Chirurgia. Hoepli, Milano
lectures using audiovisual tools and classroom discussion
Assessment methods and criteria
The assessment of the achievement of the objectives of the course consists of an oral examination. Through questions about the contents of the course will be determined whether the student has achieved the goal of knowledge and understanding of the content. Through questions regarding prevention strategies and preparation of a care plan will be determined whether the student has achieved the aim of applying the acquired knowledge