PATHOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL CARCINOGENESIS
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The student must recognize the interactions between the organism and the environmental pathogenic factors in order to evalulate the inherent risks of disease.
Course contents summary
The biological homeostasis. Health and disease. Pathogenic factors. Preliminary biological basis.
Neoplasia. Definitions and nomenclature. Benign and malignant neoplasms.. Chemical carcinogenesis: initiation and promotion. Carcinogenic chemicals.
Extrinsic (physical, chemical and biological) pathogenic factors. Physical factors. Transfer of energy: mechanical; thermal; electric and electro-magnetic. Radiations (waves and particles). Radioactivity: accidental or planned emissions.
Chemical factors. Contamination of natural environments: atmosphere, waters, land.
Industrial contaminations and occupational risks. Inorganic and organic substances.
Food-stuff contamination Poisonous foods.
Accidental or planned food contaminations. Additives and dietary supplements.
Individual contaminations by habit-forming practices. Smoke, alcohol.
Biological pathogenic factors.
Pontieri G.M., Russo M.A., Frati L Patologia Generale e Fisiopatologia generale per i corsi di laurea in Professioni sanitarie. PICCIN II edizione.
Assessment methods and criteria