GENERAL AND APPLIED HYGIENE
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course aims at making the student able to acquire and understand the conditions, the factors and the situations associated with the risk of emergence and spread of infectious diseases and to acquire and apply preventive strategies to be adopted to control them .
Course contents summary
In the first part of the course are dealt the general aspects of the epidemiology of infectious diseases:
-determinants of disease
-reservoirs and sources of infection
-modes of occurrence and spread of infectious diseases
In the second part are dealt the general aspects of prevention in relation to the natural history of infectious diseases:
-times of preventive action
-direct prevention: -actions on the source (notification, diagnostic tests, isolation);
-targeted actions in chain of transmission: vehicle disinfection, with particular reference to infection’s control in the healthcare environment - asepsis, antisepsis, sterilization;
-actions aimed at eliminating the pests - disinfestation
In the third part of the course are discussed aspects related to the protection of the healthy subject as a public health intervention: - vaccine prophylaxis (types of vaccines available, how to use, contraindications, efficacy), vaccine strategies, the National Plan
- serum prophylaxis (immunoglobulins, types,preparation, safety, indications
- chemoprophylaxis (the main points )
Epidemiology and general prophylaxis of infectious diseases
Epidemiology of infectious diseases: host-parasite relationship, reservoirs of infection, chains of infection, mode of occurrence of infectious diseases in the population.
The levels of preventive intervention: primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention.
Prophylaxis of infectious diseases: Notification, diagnostic investigation, isolation, cleaning, disinfection, antisepsis, sterilization, disinfestation, vaccine prophylaxis, immunoglobuline prophylaxis, chemoprophylaxis.
Barbuti S, et al. Igiene. Bologna: Monduzzi, 2011.
Sigorelli C. Igiene Epidemiologia Sanità Pubblica. Roma: Società Editrice Universo, 2011.
Lectures with use of audiovisual.
Assessment methods and criteria