DISEASES OFTHE VISUAL SYSTEM (F)
Learning outcomes of the course unit
to acquire the fundamental elements of the pathophysiology of sensory and motor alterations and on the treatment of forms of strabismus including the paralytic forms
Course contents summary
General details on oculomotor imbalance
General details on oculomotor imbalance.
Heterophoria: pathophysiology. Esophorias and exophorias.
Intermittent deviations and heterophoria dysfunction.
Heterotropias: pathophysiology. General details on the main types of heterotropia: esotropias, exotropias, vertical strabismus and alphabet syndromes.
Nystagmus (physiological nystagmus, pathological nystagmus).
Paralytic strabismus.Ocular motility test: test to establish the existence of an ocular deviation: the cover test, corneal reflexes, strabismus and pseudo strabismus (epicanthus, kappa angle, facial assymetry).
The incomitance of a deviation and its determination: objective methods (cover test, Hess screen, Bielschowsky test) and subjective methods (diplopia test).
Binocular vision test: in ambient conditions, with haploscope. Methods for determining suppression, CR, stereopsis
Burian - von Noorden: binocular visione and ocular motility
Assessment methods and criteria