HISTORY OF ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL ARCHITECTURE
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The history of architecture is essential in the intellectual development and in the practise of architecture. The major aim of the course is to enable the student to make judgment, have an historical and bibliografic instruments to be able to analyse and understand movements, effects and protagonists (architects, artists, patrons, benefits, etc) of this foundamental period (first Dublin Descriptor). To achieve this aim it’s necessary to always use multiple approaches and different methods of analysis observing the Unity of History (second Dublin Descriptor).
Undergraduate shall be able to: use the acquired knowledge to make personal and mature judgements (third Dublin Descriptor); use the appropriate tecnical language (fourth Dublin Descriptor); establish logical connections between topics; read the complexity of architecture (fifth Dublin Desrciptor).
Course contents summary
Origin of the architecture in the Middle East. Origins of Greek architeture (Crete and Mycenae). Greek architecure from archaic to ellenistic period in Greece and southern Italy. Etruscan architecture. The architecture of Rome in the age of Repubblica. Building the roman architecture: erecting yard, construction techniques, theoretical issues (Vitruvio). Roman architecture under Empire (Augustus, Nero, Vespasian, Titus, Domitian, Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Caracalla, Diocletian, Maxentius, Constantine I, Justinian I). Early Christian and Byzantine architecture. Carolingian and Ottonian architecture. Romanesque architecture in Europe and Italy. Gothic architecture in Europe and Italy.
C. Bozzoni, V. Franchetti Pardo, G. Ortolani, A. Viscogliosi, L'architettura del mondo antico, Roma-Bari, Laterza, 2006;
R. Bonelli, C. Bozzoni, V. Franchetti Pardo, Storia dell'architettura medioevale, Roma-Bari, Laterza, 2007.
Teacher orientated lessons with slides and documentary films; possibility to visit museums and monumental sites; possibility of seminars with esternal experts.
Attendance is highly recomended because contents of the course are necessary to take for some following exams. Students unable to attend (with certificate reasons such as work) have to contact the teacher to agree on a proper bibliography.
Assessment methods and criteria
Oral examimation, if necessary elementary sketch exemplifications, descriptions of photos or drawings of buildings, details, architectural sculptures, etc. The first set of questions tend to evaluate the basic knowledge of the program and basic ability to establish logical connections between topics. The second set of questions check strictly the criticism, the correct use of the appropriate language (fourth Dublin Descriptor), the ability to establish logical connections between topics and of reading the complexity of architecture (fifth Dublin Descriptor).