Learning outcomes of the course unit
The aim of the course is the consolidation of knowledge acquired for the correct description of the built and its components in order to articulate its own representation. The goal is pursued through the knowledge of architectural and urban space and architectural components, through the application of digital techniques of representation.
knowing projective methods.
Course contents summary
The program is conducted by identifying the right mode of reading and representation of the urban environment, its paths and environments and through the representation of its components, meaning the drawing as a means of documentation and study for the representation of the architectural and urban context.
In every lessons it is analyzed the role of representation for the management of survey and project, from conceptual design to the realization, brought on some architectural applications agreed upon with the teacher.
For this, after having addressed the theoretical and methodological aspects of this discipline, the direct survey of a building will be made and the subsequent representation to computer graphics in 1:50 scale.
Lessons will continue through the analysis of instruments and procedures of the project drawing: from sketch to the digital model, addressing the various stages of construction project (design, planning, and construction of architectural) and its techniques of representation and synthetic graphics and modeling, going the entire process through the application of the key concepts agreed on a building.
Through the presentation of the most popular programs used to design and parametric three-dimensional modeling, there will be a discussion about the digital technologies for information processing purposes of representative additions, making drawings that develop significant project through the choice of one of the software presented.
In detail, the lessons are organized on the following topics:
Form geometry structure: the method - iconic and symbolic language - reading of the scale of the form: the tools and procedures - reading the scale of the shape of the city and the countryside: the tools and procedures.
The major urban issues to the urban scale survey, for the definition and understanding of the city - the historical and iconographic research - the reading of basic cartography and the development of analytical themes - the importance of quickly survey of the urban curtain and their representation.
The survey of the architecture: definitions – important issues in architectural scale - methods and tools for direct survey - sketches of plans, elevations, sections, details - methods of measurement - manual and computer graphics representation: methods and issues - geometric and thematic representation.
The project drawing: the types of drawing: the design of the project, describing the project, the multimedia communication and presentation of the project - the project phases: preliminary, final, executive.
The digital representation of the project: overview of the most popular parametric software: Allplan, ArchiCAD, Revit, 3D Studio Max.
about architectural survey:
M. Docci, D. Maestri, “Il rilevamento architettonico. Storia, metodi e disegno”, Laterza, Bari-Roma, 1983
About urban survey:
R. Arnheim, “La dinamica della forma architettonica”, Feltrinelli, Milano, 1994
C. Vernizzi: “Parma e la via Emilia. Città storica, città moderna e asse fondativo: rilievo e rappresentazione”, Mattioli 1885, Fidenza, 2004.
A. Rolando, “Forma, geometria, struttura per il disegno dell’architettura, della città e del paesaggio”, CittàStudi Edizioni, Novara, 2008
About planning design:
M. Docci, F. Mirri, “La redazione grafica del progetto architettonico”, NIS, Roma, 1 989
C. Mezzetti (a cura di), “Il disegno dell’Architettura Italiana nel XX secolo”, Edizioni Kappa, Roma, 2003
P. Clini, “Architetture in CAD, metodi e tecniche per la rappresentazione”, Pitagora editrice, Bologna, 2008
M. Canciani, “I disegni di progetto. Costruzioni, tipi e analisi”, CittàStudi Edizioni, Novara, 2009
During the course it will be request the realization of a series of drawings that provide for the application of concepts learned in relation to the principles of survey and project representation to different scales of a building agreement.
Assessment methods and criteria
The examination is held in oral form, through the presentation and discussion of graphic representation of a survey and of a project drawn up on an agreed building and through a discussion about the hearing issues discussed during the lessons and seminars.