VETERINARY MEDICAL PATHOLOGY
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course aims at giving the student the opportunity to know and understand the essential aspects of etiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, prognosis and therapy of internal medicine diseases affecting domestic small and large animals, so that the student can apply the ability acquired by the knowledge and understanding to recognize a clinical medical problem and to set an appropriate diagnostic iter and therapeutic plan.
The student, at the end of the course, thanks to previously acquired competences in physiology, general pathology, pharmacology, should demonstrate the ability to know and understand causes and consequences of the most common clinical diseases of small and large animals.
Thus, the student by application of the acquired competences will be able to recognise and correctly interpret signs, symptoms and results of physical examination, to choose the most appropriate laboratory and instrumental diagnostic method to make a diagnosis and prognosis and to plan the most appropriate therapy and follow-up of the patient.
Course contents summary
The course provides fundamental knowledge on the etiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of the most common internal medicine diseases of domestic small and large animals.
Medical pathology of the cardiovascular system:
Pericardial diseases. Myocardial disease. Endocardial diseases. Cardiac rhythm abnormalities. Acute and chronic heart failure.
Medical pathology of the respiratory system:
Diseases of the upper respiratory tract (nasal and paranasal cavity, larynx). Diseases of the trachea and bronchi. Diseases of the lungs and pleura. Diaphragm diseases.
Medical pathology of the urinary system:
Kidney diseases. Diseases of the bladder, urethers and urethra. Acute and chronic renal failure.
Madical pathology of the gastrointestinal system:
Diseases of the oral cavity. Diseases of the pharynx. Diseases of the esophagus. Diseases of the stomach. Diseases of rumen, reticulum, omasum and abomasum. Diseases of intestines. Colics. Diaseas of liver and gall bladder. Diseases of pancreas. Diseases of the peritoneum.
Medical pathology of the endocrine system:
Diseases of thyroid and parathyroid. Diseases of the adrenal glands. Diabetes mellitus.
Medical pathology of muscle-skeletal system:
Diseases of muscles. Diseases of bones.
Medical pathology of the nervous system:
Diseases of the central nervous system. Diseases of the peripheral system. Epilepsy.
Medical pathology of hemopoietic system
Disorders of red blood cells. Disorders of platelets. Disorders of white blood cells. Coagulopathies.
Patologia medica: RADOSTITS:Veterinary medicine. A textbook of the diseases of cattle, horses, sheep, pigs and goats - Edizioni varie; SMITH: Large animal internal medicine - Edizioni varie; REED - BAYLY: Equine Internal Medicine, Saunders Co, 1998; ETTINGER - FELDMAN: Textbook of veterinary internal medicine - Edizioni varie; NELSON-COUTO: Small animal internal medicine - Edizioni varie; BIRCHARD: Saunders manual of small animal practice - Edizioni varie.
Assessment methods and criteria
The examination, aimed at assessing the achievement of the goals in terms of knowledge and competences, is an oral exam based on questions strictly connected to the contents of the course.The questions will evaluate the achievement ot the competences also in a practical prospective.