Learning outcomes of the course unit
to understand the basic principles of general chemistry, to understand the various ways of depicting chemical compounds and chemical reactions, to develop an ability to solve basic quantitative problems concerning reactions, chemical equilibria and chemical kinetics, and to develop the ability to appropriately apply this knowledge to general scientific problems.
Course contents summary
Fundamentals of atomic and molecular theory. Matter and classification. Elements. Chemical equations. Atomic mass, molecular mass and isotopic mass. Mole and Avogadro's number.Chemical reactions and equations. Stoichiometry.
Atom structure. Hydrogen atom. Polyelectronic atoms. Periodicity of electron configurations. Periodic properties.
Chemical bond. Ionic bond. Covalent bond. Lewis structural formula. VSEPR theory. Molecular orbital (MO) and valence bond (VB) theories. Bond polarity and electronegativity. Hybrid orbitals. Metallic bond.
Gas state. Ideal and real gases. Liquid state. General properties. Solid state. Crystal simmetry and crystal lattices. Polymorphismus and isomorphismus.
Solution properties. Concentration. Raoult's law. Colligative properties. Osmotic pressure.
Chemical thermodynamics. Equilibrium. State functions. Principles of thermodynamics. Molar heat. Entalpy and entropy. Free energy and spontaneous process. Chemical equilibrium. Equilibrium constant. Phase rule. State diagrams. Ionic equilibria and solubility. Structure-properties relationships in acids and bases. Water ionization and pH. Buffer solutions.
Electrochemistry. Ionic conductivity. Faraday's laws. Electrolitic cells. Galvanic cells. Reduction potertials. Reference electrodes.
Chemical kinetics. Reaction order. Catalysis.
INORGANIC CHEMISTRY. General properties of groups. Properties of the elements of blocks s and p. General properties of the elements of block d.
PRACTICE EXERCISES on arguments of general chemistry.
"Chimica Generale", Zanichelli
"Fondamenti di chimica", EdiSES
Zanello, Mangani, Valensin
"Le basi della chimica", C.E. Ambrosiana
"Fondamenti di chimica", C.E. Ambrosiana
lectures, exercises and experimentations
Assessment methods and criteria