Introduction to the organic chemistry laboratory: safety regulations; laboratory equipment: risks and use; use of laboratory solvents.
Introduction to NMR and UV-Vis spectroscopic techniques: basic concepts; examples of structural determination through NMR spectroscopy.
Laboratory separation techniques: purification of solids and purity criteria; the choice of the solvent and melting point determination; extraction techniques of organic compounds; natural product extraction; basic and acid substances extraction; chromatographic separations; the choice of the eluent, thin layer chromatography, column chromatography, gaschromatography; distillation techniques: simple distillation and fractional distillation.
How to run an organic synthesis reaction.
Purification of an organic compound through recrystallisation;
Separation of organic products through acid-base extraction;
Caffeine extraction from tea leaves;
Ethyl acetate and butyl acetate separation through fractional distillation and gas-chromatographic analysis;
Thin layer chromatography and column chromatography and spectrophotometric UV-Vis analyses of the separated products;
Electrophilic aromatic substitution reactions and product analysis through NMR spectroscopy.
Laboratory practical exam.
Lecture notes are available on the web.
The teacher is available upon request for discussion and explanation of specific topics.