GENERAL AND APPLIED HYGIENE
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course is designed as the main educational objective of providing students with the basic knowledge to understand risk factors and determinants of health / illness concepts in the context of prevention.
Among the acquired skills, students will be able to:
-recognize individual, environmental genetic risk factors, and hypothesize causal relationships with diseases ;
-build simple epidemiological analyzes in their discipline of belonging, to read and comment critically the literature or ad hoc surveys.
In this way, students will gain their judgment independence
Course contents summary
Le first lessons allow you to frame the hygienistic discipline under the Public Health and Medicine, referring to the epidemiology and prevention concepts of infectious and chronic-degenerative diseases.
The second part of the course is devoted to the discussion of epidemiological methodology to support hygiene and public health with reference to the key measures of frequency and association, to the concepts of networks and causal risk factors and the classification of epidemiological studies. In this context, discusses some basic tools of Public Health used in primary, secondary (screening) and tertiary., prevention.
General epidemiology of infectious diseases. - Host-parasite relationships, sources
less and tanks tion, determination of the modalities transmission. Modes of occurrence of infections
in the population.
types and levels of preventive intervention. Sterilizzazione, Disinfection and disinfestation.
Vaccine prophylaxis or, types of vaccines, strategies and vaccination schedules.
Passive immunoprophylaxis and chemoprophylaxis.
General principles of prevention of non-infectious diseases
determinants of health / disease
definition of epidemiology
fields of study of epidemiology
fields of study of demographics, census, age pyramid
basic parameters of the populations
life expectancy at birth
measures in epidemiology
the relationship between incidence and prevalence
what is the task of preventive medicine
The lessons are frontal with the aid of computerized
Assessment methods and criteria
The final assessment consists of an oral examination designed to ascertain the understanding of the topics covered through 2 general questions (one on the more properly hygienistic and one on the part of epidemiological methodology) structured in such a way as to allow links between topics in the subject.