GENERAL AND APPLIED HYGIENE
Learning outcomes of the course unit
To provide the basic knowledge of the main microbiological and virological aspects needing diagnostic, therapeutic and/or prophylactic interventions based on biotechnological approaches and of the epidemiological aspects essential to ensure the human health.
Course contents summary
."DEFINITION AND AIMS OF HYGIENE. - THE EPIDEMIOLOGICAL METHOD. - HISTORY AND APPLICATIONS OF EPIDEMIOLOGY. SOURCES OF STATISTICAL-EPIDEMIOLOGICAL DATA. THE MAIN MEASURES IN EPIDEMIOLOGY: PROPORTIONS AND RATES; INCIDENCE AND PREVALENCE; MORTALITY AND LETHALITY. - EPIDEMIOLOGICAL RISK MEASURES: ATTRIBUTABLE RISK, RELATIVE RISK. - EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDIES: ECOLOGICAL, CROSS-SECTIONAL, CASE-CONTROL, COHORT. EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES . - EFFICACY ASSESSMENT OF MEDICALINTERVENTIONS; ETHICAL AND PRIVACY ASPECTS. - GENERAL EPIDEMIOLOGY OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES. - MEANS AND STRATEGIES OF PREVENTION – PRIMARY, SECONDARY AND TERTIARY PREVENTION – ACTIVE IMMUNE PROPHYLAXIS: COMPOSITION OF VACCINES; PRODUCTION OF NEW VACCINES; - PASSIVE IMMUNE PROPHYLAXIS. CHEMOPROPHYLAXIS. - FOOD EDUCATION – EPIDEMIOLOGY AND PREVENTION OF CHRONIC DEGENERATIVE DISEASES – ELEMENTS OF HEALTH LEGISLATION AND ORGANISATION"
General epidemiology of the infectious disease
The sources of infection, transmission modality.
Favoring factors the appearance of infections.
Ways of appearance of the infections in the population.
The purposes and the methods of the prevention. Levels of preventive participation.
The prevention of the infections
Discovered and inactivation of infection sources, interruption of the transmission chains; increase of resistance to the infections
General principles of prevention of not infectious disease
Tertiary, secondary, primary prevention
Prevention of the transmissible infections with the blood
(HBV, HDV, HCV, HIV)
Prevention of the infections in pregnancy
Hygiene of the environment
The drinkable water: gestures on the supplying sources, possibilities of pollution; drinkable criterions, purification methods
Education to the health
Igiene- Monduzzi ed. IIIedizione1011
Igiene Medicina Preventiva e Sanita Pubblica-
Marinelli P.,Liguori G.,Montemarano A., D Amora M..
Assessment methods and criteria