DISEASES OF THE VISUAL SYSTEM
Learning outcomes of the course unit
To understand the principle of diseases affecting different levels of the visual system: different effects imply different diagnostic strateg.
To gain fundamental insight about binocular vision, stereopsis, and their impairment.
Pathophysiology of binocular vision.
Course contents summary
Levels of visual function: from retinal images to perception
the optics of the eye and the retinal image
the optic nerve head
the visual pathway
visual areas in the cortex
Clinical electrophysiology of vision
retinal layers and biopotentials
ganzfeld flash ERG
focal and multifocal ERG
pattern ERG (PERG)
visual cortex and biopotentials
visual evoked cortical potentials (VECP, VEP, VER)
Binocular interaction: corresponding retinal points and areas
horopter, Panum's area
simultaneous perception and stereopsis
3D perception: monocular and binocular factors
development of binocular vision and related problems
diplopia and confusion
suppression, anomalous retinal correspondence (ARC)
neurophysiological basis of amblyopia
Yanoff-Duker. Ophthalmology. Mosby 2004
Tasman, Jaeger, eds. Duane's Ophthalmology. LWW 2006.
Oral lesson and applications
Assessment methods and criteria
Oral and practical exam