PHYSIOLOGY AND NEUROPHYSIOLOGY OF MOTOR CONTROL
Learning outcomes of the course unit
To know the main mechanisms of the short term and long term responses of the organism during physical activity.
The student should know the various theories concerning the planning and the control of movement execution
To achieve a knowledge of the main disorders of the motor system the execution of the movement.
Cardiovascular system and physical activity
Respiratory system and physical activity
Skeletal muscle and physical activity
Movement planning and the control of movement execution.
Triphasic pattern of EMG
The force-time function
Muscle mechanics and theory of the equilibrium point
The isochrony principle and space-time invariants
The principle of the maximal smoothness and of the rectilinear trajectories
The visuo-motor integration
The coding of space in the motor control
The role of the visual feedback in the movement control
The Fitts's law
The theory of the optic flow
The role of the somaesthetic information in the movement control
Basic principles of motor system clinical examination; Motor syndromes; Basic principles of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation; Botulinum toxin and its role in motor disorders
Oral lessons and practical work
Assessment methods and criteria